Chinese leader urges countries to unite in tackling AI challenges

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Chinese President Xi Jinping has said the potential risks associated with artificial intelligence (AI) are challenges that countries should deal with together.

His remarks come against the backdrop of China’s rigid control of free speech on the internet.

China has also maximised the internet’s economic benefits and social media’s propaganda contributions to the ruling Communist Party’s authoritarian agenda.

Mr Xi’s pre-recorded speech was broadcast at the opening of the World Internet Conference Summit in the eastern city of Wuzhen.

He called for common security in cyberspace instead of confrontation. He said China would work with other countries to address risks brought by the development of AI and expressed his objections to “cyberspace hegemony”.

China is ready to “promote the safe development of AI,” he said, with the implementation of the Global AI Governance Initiative, a proposal launched by the Chinese government last month calling for an open and fair environment for AI development.

Li Shulei, director of the Communist Party’s publicity department, echoed Mr Xi’s remarks at the conference, saying China would work with other countries to “improve the safety, reliability, controllability and fairness of artificial intelligence technology”.

The conference was first launched as an annual event in 2014 by the Chinese government to discuss internet development.

China blocks most overseas news and social media sites, but lifts them in the Wuzhen area for the duration of the conference.

As recently as June, Chinese state-backed hackers foiled Microsoft’s cloud-based security in breaching the email accounts of officials at multiple US agencies that deal with China ahead of secretary of state Antony Blinken’s trip to Beijing.

The surgical, targeted espionage accessed the email of a small number of individuals at an unspecified number of US agencies and was discovered in mid-June by the state department, American officials said.

They said none of the breached systems were classified, nor was any of the stolen data.

The hacked officials included US commerce secretary Gina Raimondo, whose agency imposed export controls that have stung multiple Chinese companies.

In September 2020, the justice department charged five Chinese citizens with hacking targeting more than 100 companies and institutions in the United States and abroad, including social media and video game companies as well as universities and telecommunications providers.

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